The Hourglass model for writing an article or thesis, is just one of many different models available. An article and thesis should have the shape of an hourglass. You will begin with broad statements that introduce the background of your research topic and it becomes more and more narrow your research question and hypothesis until it reaches the Methods and Results sections, which are the most specific sections of your paper.
Writing the empirical journal article. American Psychological Association Branson, R. Anatomy of a research paper. Writing the method section of a medical study. Writing the experimental report: Methods, results, and discussion. Writing a scientific paper. Nutrition in Clinical Practice,22 6 Begin with some opening statements to help situate the reader. Do not immediately dive into the highly technical terminology or the specifics of your research question.
You will want to ensure that only the most relevant research related to your research question is included in your literature review, so an in-depth search in the current literature across many databases is necessary. You will want to end the Introduction with a brief overview of your study. You should also clearly state your hypotheses source this point as well.
This section is focused on the particular methods -steps of your research study. This section must be clear, organized, and only include methods that were actually used not procedures you tried but did not use or failed. Depending on your research and subject, some of the followings sub-headings within the Methods section can be used: Participants or Subjects in animal research: The materials, scales or tests, equipment, stimuli, etc used in the research. This section should be brief and in more depth during the results section.
In this section how to write an empirical paper can include any ethical considerations including consent, care and treatment of animals and whether or not you received IRB approval for the study and if not, why you didn't seek approval The Results section should contain both data not raw as well as written English. Tables and Figures should be used if it makes the data easier to understand. Do not include unnecessary figures or tables as this will confuse readers.
Do not include any statistical tests that you tried out of curiosity but are not related to the methodology or results of the study.
What Is a Resume. Believe it or not, some people especially those who are completely new to the workforce have never seen a resume before, let alone written one. So what is a resume. In North America a resume should not be confused with a CV. Check out our article How To Write a Cover Letterusually via email or on online job posting.
Sounds pretty easy, right. And not just any resume… a professional resume. Employers use resumes as a way to quickly screen potential applicants, selecting only the individuals they feel are right for the position, so making sure your resume is in tip-top shape is absolutely vital.
Your desk is COVERED with resumes. All redumes need is that one qualified person, but as you look through the piles of paperwork, you feel your stomach starting to knot up. These resumes are a mess. Most of them are sloppy, with spelling errors, confusing headings, and lists of qualifications that have absolutely NOTHING to do with the job at all. How is that relevant. You call maintenance and ask them to empty your trash can, again. You continue to slog through the pile of papers, your eyes growing heavy with each rejection.
Most of them offer a wealth of well-intended suggestions about all the stuff you need to include in the executive summary. They provide a helpful list of the forty-two critical items you should cover, and then they tell you to be concise. Most guides to writing an executive summary miss the key point: The job of the executive summary is to sell, not to describe. The executive summary is often your initial face to a potential investor, so it is critically important that you create the right first impression.
Contrary to the advice in articles on the topic, you do not need to explain the entire business plan in words. You need to convey its essence, and its energy. You want to be clear and compelling. Forget what everyone else has been telling you. Here are the key components that should be part of your executive summary: The Grab You should lead with the most compelling statement of why you have a really big idea.
Usually, this is a concise statement of the unique solution you have developed to a big problem. It should be direct and specific, not abstract and conceptual. If you can drop some impressive names in the first paragraph you should—world-class advisors, companies you are already working with, a brand name founding investor. He or she may never get that far. The Problem You need to make it clear that there is a big, important problem current or emerging that you are going to solve, or opportunity you are going to exploit.
In this context you are establishing your Value Proposition—there is enormous pain and opportunity out there, and you are going to increase revenues, reduce costs, increase speed, expand reach, eliminate inefficiency, increase effectiveness, whatever. The Solution What specifically are you offering to whom. Software, hardware, service, combination. You might need to clarify where you fit in the value chain or distribution channels—who do you work with in the ecosystem of your sector, and why will they be eager to work with you.
If you have customers and revenues, make it clear. If not, tell the investor when you will. The Opportunity Spend a few more sentences providing the basic market segmentation, size, growth and dynamics—how many people or companies, how many dollars, how fast the growth, and what is driving the segment.
Assignment Builder Sample essay The remainder of this essay writing tutorial is based on a short sample 'divorce essay' about 1, words. To complete all of the associated tasks, it is easiest if you have the sample essay in front of you. A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce.
Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three Australian Bureau of Statistics, A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings Kilmartin, An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred.
In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the 'divorce phenomenon' and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for rising divorce has focused on changes in laws relating to marriage. For example, Bilton, Bonnett and Jones argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable. It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of marital instability.
They suggest that changes in the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with 'access to a legal solution to pre-existent marital problems' p. The problem with this type of explanation however, is that it does not consider why these laws have changed in the first place. It could be argued that reforms to family law, as well as the increased rate of divorce that has accompanied them, are the product of more fundamental changes in society.
Another type of explanation is one that focuses precisely on these broad societal changes.
The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions: Why am I reading it. What do you want me to do. You should answer these questions by doing the following: Set the context —provide general information about the main idea, explaining the situation so the reader can make sense of the topic and the claims you make and support State why the main idea is important —tell the reader why he or she should care and keep reading.
For exploratory essays, your primary research question would replace your thesis statement so that the audience understands why you began your inquiry. An overview of the types of sources you explored might follow your research question. If your argument paper is long, you may want to forecast how you will support your thesis by outlining the structure of your paper, the sources you will consider, and the opposition to your position.
You can forecast your paper in many different ways depending on the type of paper you are writing. Your forecast could read something like this: First, I will define key terms for my argument, and then I will provide some background of the situation. Next I will outline the important positions of the argument and explain why I support one of these positions.
Lastly, I will consider opposing positions and discuss why these positions are outdated. I will conclude with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research. When writing a research paper, you may need to use a more formal, less personal tone. Your forecast might read like this: This paper begins by providing key terms for the argument before providing background of the situation. Next, important positions are outlined and supported. To provide a more thorough explanation of these important positions, opposing positions are discussed.
The paper concludes with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research. Ask your instructor about what tone you should use when providing a forecast for your paper.
Though when it comes to Blogging, anyone can write an article ignoring quality as a metric here. But to stand out from the general crowd, a normal article can never take you to the next stage. As a Freelance writer, you will not be able to make huge money and as a Blogger, you will not be able to create an impression. Here at ShoutMeLoud, we keep learning about latest Blogging techniques and occasional writing tips too. Today, I will be sharing some tips to enhance your article writing skills. If you want to be an outstanding writer, you should not only follow below tips but make them a habit.
One of the basic tip to enhance your article writing is by writing practice and by reading other writers. When I talk about reading other articles, you should notice the writing style and start picking up new words to enhance your vocabulary. Anyways, lets directly jump to the tips that will help you to boost your article writing skills. Lacking Confidence in Writing Articles. Write Early in the morning This is something like interesting. As I have analyzed many serious and professional writers and Bloggers do prefers to write their contents in the morning "tips on how to write an article." Morning time allows them to write fresh stuffs.
More over morning atmosphere seems quite quiet and energetic, which can help them to improve their Article writing skills right away. Give it a try and feels the fresh experience of being a healthy writer. Be a Good Reader This is the most mandatory thing for the one who wants to build their career in Writing or Blogging. You have to be a good reader. With this, your mind will allow you to create your thoughts and let allow yourself available to write on your particular topics.
There are many more blogs available to follow, having some good and informative contents. Be Simple For generating good traffic on your contents, your way of writing should be simple enough. For that express your views in a simple and appropriate way. This will help visitors or readers in a good manner. How to write article for readers 5.
It's a chance for the employer to give constructive feedback to ensure their business is operating the best it can. It also allows the employer to give just click for source for a job well done, guidance for what an employee is doing wrong, and have an open discussion about the future of the company and the potential for employee growth. It is something concrete an employee can refer back to make sure he or she is staying on track. Business News Daily spoke with human resources administrators, managers, and executives, and based on their responses, we've compiled a list of the best tips for writing an effective performance review.
Make it comprehensive A healthy balance of positive and negative feedback about an employee's work is necessary to help team members evolve in their roles. Bill Peppler, managing partner of staffing firm Kavaliroalso advised providing employees with a formal objective of the evaluation beforehand. If an employee's behavior positive or negative doesn't warrant immediate feedback, make a note of it and use it as a reference point during a formal or informal performance discussion, Rieken advised.
Choose your words with care You'll want to be careful about the exact way you phrase your evaluation of an employee. Here are five words and phrases that will help you effectively highlight an employee's contributions, based on James E. Neal's book, " Effective Phrases for Performance Appraisals " Neal Publications, Creativity — Appreciating employees' creative side can make for happier, more motivated staff.
In a performance review, try "seeks creative alternatives, such as [examples] that drove [results]. Management ability — Having leadership skills and the ability to manage others is key for employee success. Incorporating phrases such as "provides support during periods of organizational change," or "provides team with support through [example]" will carry a lot of weight with your employee.
Our sources advise being as specific as possible when using these phrases. Doing so will relay to your employees that their performance review is taken seriously and done on a personal level regarding their achievements.
How to Answer Extended-Response or Essay Questions Extended-response or essay questions take care and thought, but they are nothing to fear. In fact, the more you show what you know about a topic, the more credit you are likely to receive on how to write an extended paragraph test. How To Do It How to write an extended paragraph extended-response answers have three parts: Beginning The first paragraph introduces your main idea or position. It begins with a topic sentence. The topic sentence states plainly the point you intend to make in your answer.
Often it simply restates the question. Middle Extenxed second paragraph provides information, examples, and details to support your main idea or position. Paragtaph is where you show in detail what you know or think about the topic. If the answer calls for a great deal of information, you may need more than one paragraph. Ending The final paragraph sums up your main idea or position. It restates your topic sentence, this time with more feeling. Now You Try Work read article these steps as you answer the question below.
Write your answer on a separate piece of paper. Step 1 Read the question carefully. Take a paragrraph to think about it. What exactly is it asking. Are you being asked to argue a position or to show what you know about a subject. Be sure you know what you are being asked to do before you begin writing. Many cities around the world are located near large rivers and lakes, or near an ocean.
Why do you think this is so.